Theotokos, The Solemnity.
January 1st is the Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God. This feast finds itself on the octave day of Christmas and celebrates Mary as the Mother of Jesus. Theotokos, is the Greek word which we translate as Mother of God. It means God-bearer. The title has often been criticized or rather misunderstood and applied. To the Catholic it simply means that Mary is the Mother of God in his Incarnation, not that Mary is the Mother of God in Eternity. The importance of this term really comes from the time when it was first coined. Debates in the early church over Christology, the theology centered on the nature of Jesus Christ, caused some division in the Church. Some believed that Christ was God and others that He was only a man or a creature; others that He was not a man but a spirit. The point of Theotokos was to state that the child of Mary was God, and that he was truly a child of flesh, human. Fully God and Fully man.