minima maxima sunt

The Small things are the Great things; as in a grain of mustard seed.

Archive for the tag “halloween”

November

November kicks off with the feast of All Saints and follows with All Souls. I used the “Dia de los Muertos” as a theme. One of my favorite holidays, as a child and to this day, is Halloween. But All Hallows’ Eve, is really just the beginning of a multi day holiday which sadly has lost its connection to the “dear departed”.
In Catholic tradition, dressing up and giving treats, “soul cakes”, goes back about a thousand years; remembering saints days goes back to the first martyrs and as this calendar shows they are still remembered.  The Day of the Dead also has ancient roots in pre-Colombian indigenous Mexican cultures. Remembering the dead, praying for the dead, setting altars or candles at grave sites, reciting the names of saints or church members who have past away in the last year, writing the names of the departed in a book of the dead, are some of the ways the holiday is still practiced.

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Sugar sculls “Calaveras” are given to children and left at grave sites in “Day of the Dead” traditions. Sculls are a common symbol in Catholic art and iconography and are found in Aztec, Mayan and Toltec traditions as well. I still remember staying up late on the weekends as a kid to watch “Fright Night” which was a late night show that played horror movies. The opening was a green spooky skull.
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La Catarina is a popular image of Death in Mexico and a common costume when celebrating the Day of the Dead. This was my first attempt at a human figure in the book. Had to re work a few times. Being a hacker has its limits, but I do plan on doing some more human figures in the book so I guess this was a good place to start. There was also some intent here as the liturgical year closes at the end of November and begins with Advent which starts four weeks before Christmas during the last days of November.
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Festum Omnium Sanctorum

The First of November the Solemnity of All Saints is celebrated in the Catholic church. One of the most ancient Feasts, it draws on very early practice within the church of remembering martyrs on the anniversary of their death. As time passed and more Saints were added to the lists a day was set aside to remember them all, and All Saints includes the many unknown and unrecognized Saints as well as those who have become well known to the church. The Feast is also known as All Hallow’s, which is where we get All Hallow’s Eve or Halloween.

The feast was originally celebrated on the 13th of May. It is celebrated in Eastern churches a week after Pentecost. In the west it was moved to November 1st in the 8th century, primarily to Christianize a pagan holiday called Samhain. The comparison of harvest and reaping may have tied in heavily to this change of dates.

The importance of this feast places it among several which are elevated to the status of a Solemnity. Solemnity comes from the Latin words Sollus and Annus, which translates as whole year. As mentioned, the early martyrs were honored on their anniversaries. Soon Martyrologies were formed which listed the many who were known, some of which have found their place in the Eucharistic prayers during Mass. But there were many martyrs, and many people of faith who were unknown. All Saints is a recognition of those known and unknown souls who have attained the beatific vision in heaven, throughout the world and ages. This forms a part of the Catholic concept of the Communion of Saints which holds that the church is one church, a mystical body of Christ which is not separated by time, or place. The Saints in heaven are still a part of the Church that we are part of on Earth, which is why we ask them to continue to pray for us.

Prayers or praying to Saints, contrary to how some may view it is not an act of worshipping a creature, and it certainly isn’t placing such a person in the place of God. Rather the idea of praying draws from an older meaning of the word which simply means to ask. We pray to saints, asking for their prayers. We ask those in heaven to intercede and pray for us.

The Litany of Saints:

Lord, have mercy on
us. (Lord have mercy on us.)
Christ, have mercy on us. (Christ
have mercy on us.)

Lord, have mercy on us. (Lord, have mercy on us.)

Christ, hear us. (Christ, hear us.)
Christ, graciously hear us. (Christ, graciously hear us.)

God the Father of heaven,
(have mercy on us.)
God the Son, Redeemer of the world, (have
mercy on us.)

God the Holy Ghost, (have mercy on us.)
Holy
Trinity, one God, (have mercy on us.)

Holy Mary, (pray for us)
Holy
Mother of God, (pray for us)
Holy Virgin of virgins, (pray for us)

St. Michael, (pray for us)
St. Gabriel, (pray for us)

St. Raphael, (pray for us)
All ye holy Angels and Archangels, (pray for us)
All ye holy orders
of blessed Spirits, (pray for us)

St. John the Baptist, (pray for us)
St. Joseph, (pray for us)
All ye
holy Patriarchs and Prophets, (pray for us)

St. Peter, (pray for us)
St. Paul, (pray for us)
St. Andrew, (pray for us)

St. James, (pray for us)
St. John, (pray for us)
St. Thomas, (pray for us)
St. James, (pray for us)
St. Philip, (pray for us)

St. Bartholomew, (pray for us)
St. Matthew, (pray for us)
St. Simon, (pray for us)
St. Thaddeus, (pray for us)
St.
Matthias, (pray for us)
St. Barnabas, (pray for us)
St. Luke, (pray for us)
St. Mark, (pray for us)
All ye holy Apostles
and Evangelists, (pray for us)
All ye holy Disciples of the Lord, (pray for us)

All ye holy (pray for us)
Innocents, (pray for us)
St. Stephen, (pray for us)
St. Lawrence, (pray for us)
St. Vincent, (pray for us)
SS. Fabian
and Sebastian, (pray for us)
SS. John and Paul, (pray for us)
SS. Cosmas and Damian, (pray for us)
SS. Gervase and Protase, (pray for us)
All ye holy Martyrs, (pray for us)

St. Sylvester,(pray for us)
St. Gregory, (pray for us)

St. Ambrose, (pray for us)
St. Augustine, (pray for us)
St. Jerome, (pray for us)
St. Martin, (pray for us)
St. Nicholas, (pray for us)
All ye holy Bishops and Confessors, (pray for us)
All ye holy Doctors, (pray for us)

St. Anthony, (pray for us)
St. Benedict, (pray for us)
St. Bernard, (pray for us)
St. Dominic, (pray for us)
St. Francis, (pray for us)
All ye holy Priests and Levites, (pray for us)
All ye holy Monks and Hermits, (pray for us)

St. Mary Magdalen, (pray for us)
St. Agatha, (pray for us)
St. Lucy, (pray for us)
St. Agnes, (pray for us)
St. Cecilia, (pray for us)
St. Catherine, (pray for us)
St. Anastasia, (pray for us)
All ye holy Virgins and
Widows,(pray for us)

All ye holy Saints of
God, (Make intercession for us.)
Be merciful, (Spare us, O Lord.)

Be merciful, (Graciously hear us, O Lord.)

From all evil, O
Lord (deliver us)
From all sin, (deliver us)
From Thy wrath, (deliver us)
From sudden and unlooked for death, (deliver us)
From the snares of the devil, (deliver us)
From anger, and hatred, and every evil will, (deliver us)
From the spirit of fornication, (deliver us)
From lightning and tempest, (deliver us)

From the scourge of earthquakes, (deliver us)
From plague, famine and war, (deliver us)
From everlasting death, (deliver us)
Through the mystery of Thy holy Incarnation, (deliver us)
Through Thy Coming, (deliver us)
Through Thy Birth, (deliver us)
Through Thy Baptism and holy Fasting, (deliver us)

Through Thy Cross and Passion, (deliver us)
Through Thy Death and Burial, (deliver us)
Through Thy holy Resurrection, (deliver us)
Through Thine admirable Ascension, (deliver us)
Through the coming of the Holy Ghost, the Paraclete. (deliver us)
In the day of judgment. (deliver us)

We sinners, (we beseach Thee hear us)

That Thou wouldst spare us,(we beseach Thee hear us)

That Thou wouldst pardon us, (we beseach Thee hear us)

That Thou wouldst bring us to true penance, (we beseach Thee hear us)

That Thou wouldst
vouchsafe to govern and preserve Thy holy Church, (we beseach Thee hear us)

That Thou wouldst
vouchsafe to preserve our Apostolic Prelate, and all orders of the Church in
holy religion, (we beseach Thee hear us)

That Thou wouldst vouchsafe to humble the enemies of holy
Church, (we beseach Thee hear us)

That Thou wouldst vouchsafe to give peace and true concord to
Christian kings and princes, (we beseach Thee hear us)

That Thou wouldst vouchsafe to grant peace
and unity to the whole Christian world, (we beseach Thee hear us)

That Thou wouldst call back to
the unity of the Church all who have strayed from her fold, and to guide all
unbelievers into the light of the Gospel (we beseach Thee hear us)

That Thou wouldst vouchsafe to
confirm and preserve us in Thy holy service, (we beseach Thee hear us)

That Thou wouldst lift up
our minds to heavenly desires, (we beseach Thee hear us)

That Thou wouldst render eternal
blessings to all our benefactors, (we beseach Thee hear us)

That Thou wouldst deliver our souls,
and the souls of our brethren, relations, and benefactors, from eternal
damnation, (we beseach Thee hear us)

That Thou wouldst vouchsafe to give and preserve the fruits
of the earth, (we beseach Thee hear us)

That Thou wouldst vouchsafe to grant eternal rest to all
the faithful departed, (we beseach Thee hear us)

That Thou wouldst vouchsafe graciously to hear
us, (we beseach Thee hear us)
Son of God,(we beseach Thee hear us)

Lamb of God, who take
away the sins of the world, (spare us, O Lord.)
Lamb of God, who take
away the sins of the world, (graciously hear us, O Lord.)
Lamb of God,
who take away the sins of the world, (have mercy on us.)

Christ,
(hear us.)
Christ, (graciously hear us.)
Lord, have mercy,
(Lord, have mercy.)
Christ, have mercy, (Christ, have
mercy.)

Lord, have mercy, (Lord, have mercy.)

[Our Father
inaudibly] And lead us not into temptation (but deliver us from
evil.)

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